Category : Social Sciences

An analysis of Parliamentary and Congressional Based Governments

Since 2007, the foremost countries of the world have been feverishly searching for a remedy to their crumbling national economies.  The two most pertinent of the crises are occurring in the Unites States and Central Europe.  The American Recession has stemmed from risky personal lending, while the European Debt Crisis stems from over-borrowing of national governments. Though the scaling of perpetrators is contrary, the effects are equivalent.  Struggling economies now make up the lions-share of the world’s economy. As the […]

Pollution Abatement and CSR

If science, technology, and information have accomplished anything for humanity, they have made society cognizant of the consequences faced based on its aggregate decisions. This is especially true in the context of environmental issues. Society, now aware of its self-destructive behavior, has made efforts to combat these issues on multiple levels, from government intervention to corporate initiative. The governments of many nations have intervened by regulating air emissions and water contamination to reduce pollution, and corporations have taken advantage of […]

Public Expenditure

Paul Samuelson’s paper on public expenditure is a drag to read for anyone with a background in economics. The concept of utility maximization is surely not a novel one, even in his day, although his application of the concept is rather unique. Samuelson had very little to say about the matter other than the possibility of an aggregate utility maximization of public expenditure consumption. While pretty in theory, any pragmatic use of this model is fantasy at best. Charles Tiebout […]

Pigou Economics Essay

The debate between Ronald Coase and Authur Pigou is still going strong some 50 years after Coase wrote his criticism of Pigou’s theory of social costs and externalities. Since the debate’s inception, much studies have taken place and ground made on both sides of the issue, yet not much common ground has been established. One thing that is clear is that there are external costs imposed on parties outside of a transaction in certain situations. These externalities create inefficiencies in […]

Kuznets Curve Essay

The Environmental Kuznets Curve framework is a very intriguing theory on the relationship between economic growth and effects of environmental quality. Essentially the theory proposes that initially, as economies grow, environmental quality is adversely affected with the marginal rate of this effect decreasing over time. This means the adverse impact on environmental quality will increase up to a point, at which continued economic growth would start to be beneficial for environmental quality. Empirical evidence of this theory has shown mixed […]

Commerce in World History Essay

Commerce has always been essential to empires, from the empire of the Akkadians to those of the modern day. An argument could even be made that commerce gave birth to the first empires after the agricultural revolution.  Empires such as the Phoenicians were built almost entirely around trade, and their innovations and expansion helped create global trade networks. Empires have risen and fallen because of trade. Trade and the networks that maintained it were no less important from the 12th […]